Quick Answer: Who Were John Locke And Thomas Hobbes?

How do Hobbes and Locke differ?

But he disagreed with Hobbes on two major points.

First, Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature.

He believed they could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals.

Locke also disagreed with Hobbes about the social contract..

What type of government did John Locke believe in?

Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business. Consequently, only adult male property owners should have the right to vote.

Why did Locke believe in democracy?

In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke identified the basis of a legitimate government. According to Locke, a ruler gains authority through the consent of the governed. The duty of that government is to protect the natural rights of the people, which Locke believed to include life, liberty, and property.

What is John Locke’s social contract theory?

John Locke’s version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights. No other rights are given up, only the right to be a vigilante.

What does John Locke mean by natural law?

In the Second Treatise of Government, Locke’s most important political work, he uses natural law to ground his philosophy. … Natural law theories hold that human beings are subject to a moral law. Morality is fundamentally about duty, the duty each individual has to abide by the natural law.

What major ideas from political philosophers were adopted by the Founding Fathers?

The founders of the United States were deeply influenced by republicanism, by Locke, and by the optimism of the European Enlightenment. George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson all concurred that laws, rather than men, should be the final sanction and that government should be responsible to the governed.

Why did Locke write the Two Treatises of Government?

The Treatises were written with this specific aim–to defend the Glorious Revolution. Locke also sought to refute the pro-Absolutist theories of Sir Robert Filmer, which he and his Whig associates felt were getting far too popular.

What do Thomas Hobbes and John Locke have in common?

Two Philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a society. They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is where the people give the power to govern to their government.

What 3 natural rights did John Locke believe in?

Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.

What did Thomas Jefferson mean by natural rights?

In the first two paragraphs of that fateful document adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, Jefferson revealed his idea of natural rights in the often-quoted phrases, “all men are created equal,” “inalienable rights,” and “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

Did Locke believe in democracy?

John Locke was the architect behind the Western democracies as they exist today. He presented his ideas in his principal work “Two Treatises of Government” in 1690. … Unlike Hobbes, he believed that this social contract should be a democracy.

How did Thomas Hobbes impact the Enlightenment?

Thomas Hobbes. Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher and scientist, was one of the key figures in the political debates of the Enlightenment period. He introduced a social contract theory based on the relation between the absolute sovereign and the civil society.

What did both Thomas Hobbes and John Locke write about?

Thesis: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes each advocated divergent tenets of human nature and government during the seventeenth century; John Locke promoted an optimistic view of human nature in which they lived under a government that protected the rights of the people; Thomas Hobbes published his perspective of the human …

Did Thomas Hobbes influence John Locke?

Thomas Hobbes left an everlasting influence on political thought. His idea of people being selfish and brutal and his thoughts on the role of government led to more investigations such as by John Locke. … His social contract theory established that a government should serve and protect all the people in the society.

How did John Locke influence modern government?

His political theory of government by the consent of the governed as a means to protect the three natural rights of “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.